Asteracantha longifolia (L.) Nees, Acanthaceae: química, usos tradicionais e medicinais e suas atividades farmacológicas – uma revisão. The aim of the present study was to study the effect of seeds of Asteracantha longifolia on the sexual behaviour of male albino rats. The ethanolic extract of. Anaemia is a common nutritional disorder, mainly caused by iron deficiency. Asteracantha longifolia Nees (Family. Acanthaceae) is a source of the ayurvedic .

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Abstract Chromatographic techniques can be used to document phytochemical fingerprints and quantitate chemical markers to identify morphological and geographical variations in the herbal raw material. In this context, phytochemical profile of Asteracantha longifolia Nees.

These phytochemical markers were also evaluated from different parts of the plant and from the whole plant collected from different geographical regions.

Maximum content of Lupeol was found to be in roots 0. The plant is an important medicinal herb, widely distributed in India and is used by local population for different medicinal purposes. It is also used commercially as an ingredient of some Over-The-Counter OTC formulations used in liver disorder and those prescribed as general tonic.

Roots of Asteracantha longifolia Nees.

Erythropoietic activity of Asteracantha longifolia (Nees.) in rats.

Whole plant powder of Asteracantha longifolia Nees. Diuretic activity of Asteracantha longifolia Nees. Lupeol is also a potential phytochemical in controlling arthritis Geetha and Varalakshmi, It also acts as chemo preventive and immunomodulatory Anton et al.

Since different parts of Asteracantha longifolia Nees. In the present investigation, chromatographic fingerprint of Asteracantha longifolia Nees. This method is found to be rapid, sensitive, precise, accurate and has been applied for simultaneous quantitation Sutar et al. Thane being close to Mumbai, asteracanta of large astwracantha of plant material for different parts was easier.

The HPTLC method can therefore help distinctively identify the source of the plant powder raw material and also its constituent plant part.

Whole plants of Asteracantha longifolia Nees. The solvents toluene, ethyl acetate and methanol of analytical grade purchased from Qualigens Fine Chemicals, Mumbai, India were used for the analysis. The source of radiation was mercury lamp. Camag Linomat IV was used as applicator. Different parts of the plant were powdered separately, similarly plants collected from different regions were powdered and used for analysis.


The contents of the tube were filtered through Whatmann No. Merck, Mumbai, India and the filtrate was used for experimental work. The plates were developed to a distance of 80 mm in a Camag twin-trough chamber previously equilibrated with mobile phase for 30 min.

The chromatographic conditions had been previously optimized to achieve the best resolution and peak shape. The solution of 0. The assay procedure described earlier was repeated three times.

The results of assay are given on Table 1ab and 2ab. Different parts of Asteracantha longifolia Nees. Since different parts of same plant have different therapeutic applications, it is important to distinctively identify the plant part constituent of the plant powder. In this study HPTLC fingerprint patterns have been therefore, evolved for powders of different plant parts of Asteracantha longifolia Nees.

Developed chromatograms showed distinct phytochemical variations in morphological parts as well as geographical regions of collection of plant material Fig. It showed variation in content of Lupeol, which was found to be maximum in roots collected from Thane region 0. This also justifies the therapeutic use of roots as a diuretic and the use of leaves in the management of female reproductive dysfunction Joshi, ; Warrier, The HPTLC technique thus developed demonstrates variations in phytochemical markers which help to identify the difference in phytochemical constituents due to the geographical region of collection and due to the constituent part of the plant in medicinal plant raw material.

Results of assay of Lupeol in different parts of Asteracantha longifolia Nees. In this study it has been demonstrated that HPTLC fingerprint can be employed to identify the source of the plant powder to the specific part of the plant that is constituent in the powder. The results indicate that the plant parts show specific variations in their content of these phytochemical markers.

Distinctive phytochemical variations have also been demonstrated in the whole plant powder sourced from various geographical regions of India.


HPTLC fingerprint, as standardized in this study can therefore, be successfully applied to identify the region of collection of the plant. Therefore, as a diuretic, the whole plant from Kolhapur may be recommended while as a uterine tonic the whole plant from Mahad may be recommended. High performance thin layer chromatography HPTLC as reported in this study provides a chromatographic fingerprint of phytochemicals and is suitable for confirming the identity and purity of medicinal plant raw materials.

Anti-tumor promoting activity of Asteracantha longifolia against experimental hepatocarcinogenesis in rats. Chemical investigation on the seeds of Hygrophila spinosa.

Pharmacognosy of mimosa tenuiflora willd. Macrofilaricidal activity of the stem bark of Streblus asper and its major active constituents. Constituents of Moquinia kingii. Effect of lupeol and lupeol linoleate on lysosomal enzymes and collagen in adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats.

Studies on oil from the seeds of Hygrophila spinosa. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Triglyceride composition of Hygrophila spinosa seed oil. Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plants. Phytoestrogens alter the reproductive organ development in the mink mustela vision. A novel dietary triterpene lupeol induces fas-mediated apoptotic death of androgen-sensitive prostate cancer cells and inhibits tumor growth in a xenograft model.

Effect of Asteracantha asteradantha Nees.

Erythropoietic activity of Asteracantha longifolia (Nees.) in rats.

Hepatoprotective activity of Apium graveolens and Hygrophila auriculata against paracetamol and thioacetamide intoxification in rats. Examination of the fixed oil from the seeds of Hygrophila spinosa. A Compendium of Species. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences Volume 7 6: How to cite this article: Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 7: M ethanolic extract s of.

Root Asteracantha longifolia Nees.

Stem Asteracantha longifolia Longirolia. Leaf Asteracantha longifolia Nees. Seed Asteracantha longifolia Nees. Patalganga Asteracantha longifolia Nees. Mahad Asteracantha longifolia Nees. Karjat Asteracantha longifolia Nees. Kolhapur Asteracantha longifolia Nees. Dehradun Asteracantha longifolia Nees.

M ethanolic extract of whole plant powder of Asteracantha longifolia Nees. Results of assay of Lupeol in Asteracantha longifolia Nees.