H Euphorbia laurifolia Juss. ex Lam. is an accepted name. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Euphorbia (family Euphorbiaceae). Euphorbia laurifolia is the name of a species, part of the genus Euphorbia. This species has been described by Juss. ex Lam. under the rules of the International . Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss. Genus: Euphorbia L. Euphorbia laurifolia Juss. ex Lam. This species is accepted, and its native range is W. South America to NW.

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Actinomorphic cyathium Zygomorphic cyathium Strongly zygomorphic cyathium. All flowers in the Euphorbiaceae are unisexual either male or female onlyand they are often very small in size. Many of the herbaceous, leafy species of Euphorbia are commonly called “spurges. There are also many herbaceous species that are cultivated, such as Snow on the Mountain E. Gerhard Prenner and Paula Rudall at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew England are currently studying the origin of the cyathium by comparing its early stages of development using scanning electron micrography and comparing them to the closest relatives of Euphorbia.

Red Cyathophylls Red bracteate leaves and cyathophylls Green cyathophylls White bracteate leaves. Fruits of Euphorbia are capsules that typically split open explosively when ripe.

Euphorbia laurifolia Juss. ex Lam.

Inside the involucre are the flowers, usually with a number of extremely simplified male flowers consisting of a single anther, filament, and pedicel.

Fused glands, u-shaped Single gland Single gland. The most surprising suggestion from the Prenner and Rudall studies is eupjorbia the cyathium is neither a flower nor an inflorescence, but rather a “hybrid” in which regulatory genes that normally control features of individual flowers have overlapped into the inflorescence itself.

The Pencil tree of Milk bush E. Among the succulent or thorny species, E.

Many succulents are in turn thorny, and some have well developed underground tubers. Five glands with fingerlike appendages Four laurifoliia with fingerlike appendages Five glands without appendages. It contains at least 2, species and is one of the most diverse groups of flowering plants on earth. American Journal of Botany In terms of symmetry, cyathia can be essentially actinomorphic, with many planes of symmetry, or slightly or strongly zygomorphic bilaterally symmetrical, with only one plane of symmetry.


Some other names used for different species of Euphorbia include “Snow-on-the-mountian”, “Medusa’s head”, “Mexican fire plant”, and “Scarlet plume”. Since euphorbus also means “good fodder” or well-fed in Greek, there is also some speculation that Juba coined the name because both the plant and his physician were of rather fleshy constitution.

Euphorbia obesa is a commonly cultivated globoid and thornless species. Threre are many local laurifoliw for particular species of Euphorbia.

Some species of Euphorbia have been used in folk medicine over the centuries, especially in the Euphorbia esula alliance. There are many herbaceous spurges, especially in temperate zones worldwide, but the genus is best known for its many succulent species, some of which appear very similar to cacti.

Generally there is a single female laurifklia in the center consisting of a pedicel, a three-parted ovary, and no petals or sepals associated with it. Seeds of some species have a fleshy appendage called the caruncle above the point of attachment to the central column of the fruit.

Here we show a small representation of Euphorbia life forms: Recent work by Kenneth Wurdack and Benjamin Van Ee has examined 15 different regions from the three plant genomes nuclear, chloroplast, and mitochondrialand this now shows clear support for the laugifolia relationships among the four main clades of Euphorbia: Comparative ontogeny of the cyathium in Euphorbia Euphorbiaceae and its allies: They track the origin of Euphorbia to relatives from the Old World Australia, New Caledonia, Africa, and Madagascar and conclude that the cyathium evolved from a more open grouping of flowers called a thyrse, with a terminal female flower surrounded by cymes of male flowers.

Origin of the botanical Latin name Euphorbia.

Euphorbia laurifolia | Live Plant Photos | The Field Museum

Other common names in Euphorbia Threre are many local names for particular species of Euphorbia. Exploring the organ-flower-inflorescence boundary. Euphorbia tithymaloides is an American native that is widely grown in warm climates worldwide. The milky sap or latex of spurges is suggested to have a protective and defensive role in helping heal wounds and in deterring potential plant-eaters.

Euphorbia became the official botanical name for the genus when Carolus Linnaeus published it in the first edition of his book Species Plantarum, in p. There are potentially three seeds per capsule, and there is a wide variety of size, shape, and surface features of the seeds and capsules.


The involucre almost always has one or more special glands attached to it, most often on the upper rim, and these glands and their appendages vary greatly in size and shape.

The variety of habits or life forms is one of the most salient features of Euphorbia. This feature is present in every species of the genus but nowhere else in the plant kingdom. From this kind of precursor, the cyathium was presumably formed by a strong condensation of the fuphorbia into its current involucres.

The Romans defeated Juba I in 46 BC and took his son back to Rome, where he was educated and became a learned scholar with interests in natural history. Medusoid succulent herb Shrub with pencil-like branches Sphaeroid succulent plant.

Euphorbia laurifolia Lam.

There are also leafy shrubs and trees species that can reach 20 meters high. Annual herb Perennial herb Succulent cushion-like euohorbia. Euphorbia is a genus of plants in the Euphorbiaceae family. Succulent euphorbias are most diverse layrifolia southern and eastern Africa and Madagascar, but they also occur in tropical Asia and the Americas. Some of the variations are described below: Apparently Juba’s romanization did not sit well with the local population, and after a few years in Numidia, Augustus transferred him to become King of Mauretania a Berber kingdom that was part of euphrobia western Algeria and northern Morocco — not the same as modern Mauritania, which is located on the Atlantic coast of Africa south of Western Sahara.

There are many annual or perennial herbs, and these tend to retain leaves through their active growing periods. The name, however, goes much farther back in history, lautifolia we can trace its origin at least as far back as the Roman officer Pliny the Elder, who named Euphorbia in his book, the Natural History of Pliny 79 AD.