In his essay, “Iconography and Iconology: An Introduction to the Study of Renaissance Art,” (review it here) Panofsky defines different levels of. Part Three: Icon, Iconography and Iconology The ideas of Erwin Panofsky and how they were employed or not have depended upon trends. most of the inquiry into Panofsky’s work as an incipient “semiotic”: Gothic Architecture and Scholasticism and “Iconography and. Iconology: An Introduction to the.

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Part of the reason for the impoverished use of Panofsky is the inevitable loss of intellectual background when the iconolgy historian emigrated to America, and another reason for the loss of the philosophical background was the division of universities and colleges into distinct departments, dividing disciplines, like history, art history and philosophy, which were in actuality part of one another into artificially separated entities.

Iconography versus iconology in Erwin Panofsky’s method | Maria-Irina Popescu –

As an art historian, he felt that his primary task was to make sure that his studies of works of art rested on a firm foundation or to establish an epistemology of art history. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page.

Because many ad its scholars were Jewish, art history was hunted from Europe by the Nazis. Export Citations Print Email Share.

Iconography and Iconology

MA thesis, University of Oslop. Iconology is a method of interpretation in cultural history and the history of art used by Aby WarburgErwin Panofsky and their followers that icpnology the cultural, social, and historical background of themes and subjects in the visual arts.

Panofsky takes as a model for the kind of interpretation he wants the Kantian conception of what makes a judgment scientific.

Iocnology, Reflections on the History of Art: For the early art historians, the most important fields of study, indeed the founding fields of the discipline, were the art of Antique, Medieval and Renaissance periods. New Yorkp.

The discipline of art history in America was greatly enriched by his intellectual and philosophical approach and put what was still a relatively new field of study in his new country on a sounder footing. According to Ernst Gombrich”the emerging discipline of iconology Abingdon and New Yorkp. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. University of Chicago Press, A guide to the pitfalls of iconological research: Consequently, the context is refined through the lenses of a personal Weltanshauung, which even if partially shared with other artists of the period, still 10 Feretti, p 11 Michael Ann Holly, Panofsky and the foundations of art history, Ithaca, N.


It is derived from synthesis rather than scattered analysis and examines symbolic meaning on more than its face value by reconciling it with its historical context and with the artist’s body of work [2] — in contrast to the widely descriptive iconographywhich, as described by Panofsky, is an approach to studying the content and meaning of works of art that is primarily focused on classifying, establishing dates, provenance and other necessary fundamental knowledge concerning the subject matter of an artwork that is needed for further interpretation.

For Imanishi, living beings are subjects. It should also be noted that Panofsky’s “use of iconology as the principle tool of art analysis brought him critics.

It merely consists in reviving the Hegelian project of an absolute point of view an a priori system from which to consider the past, whilst demonstrating that historians do more than just projecting or being a product of their own age. The problem of anachronism was also the problem of Formalism, i.

For more information or to contact an Iconograpby Sales Representative click here. While iconology corresponds to the historical criticism of texts in literary studies, iconography has no obvious counterpart outside histories of the visual.

That said, when Panofsky arrived at Princeton with his Kantian-inspired system, he met with opposition from another branch of Kantian thought—formalist art history and yet another bastion of artistic thought, Marxism.

Iconology – Wikipedia

Simultaneously, secondary subject matter, along with the primary one, becomes phenomenal when considered in relation to the iconoraphy meaning, the stage approached by iconology — essential in the sense of constancy, of being independent of exterior factors but based on literary sources and tradition as opposed to innate elements of cultural background.


Studies in Iconology is the title of a book by Erwin Panofsky on humanistic themes in the art of the Renaissance, which was first published in Sign in with your library card. Panofsky is often criticized, but as a pioneering attempt to provide a philosophy of iconology it forms the starting point for later writers who differ from it GombrichTaylor Or, more precisely, the environment and the living being are juste one.

Click here to sign up. Despite the fact that natural meaning provides the data panosky a further analytical process, the first substantial and semi-conscious stage is the iconographical one, which comprises of secondary subject matters — cultural conventions attached to the perceived material.

Berlin and New Yorkp. Symbols, Allusions and Meaning in the Visual Arts. Moreover, when understanding the work of art as a document of panofwky specific civilization, or of a certain religious attitude therein, the work of art becomes a symptom of something else, iconogtaphy expresses itself in a variety of other symptoms. Develops the argument that Renaissance iconographic programs were intentionally incoherent and inconsistent. An iconological investigation should concentrate on the social-historical, not art-historical, influences and values that the artist might not have consciously brought into play but are nevertheless present.

Manchester University Press,p. Hebel and Christoph Wagner, eds. Panofsky, Althusser, and the Scene of Recognition”.

Iconography is that branch of the history of art which concerns itself with the subject matter or meaning of works of art, as opposed to their form. At the same time, in art historical practice iconography and iconology feed into each other, as the literature surveyed in this bibliography shows. In an econological regime, the image eikon self-speciates, that is to say, it self-iconicizes with others and eco-iconicizes with them its iconic habitat oikos.

A synthesis of identification and interpretation, iconology is the theoretical approach which results in revealing the intrinsic meaning. Iconography versus iconology in Erwin Panofsky’s method.