Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
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Samples are restricted to cases where the mother or father is the census informant. The importance of the concentration of minority language speakers for the preservation of language across generations has been corroborated by numerous studies of immigrant language retention in the U. Language Shift in the United States: The fact that the magnitude of the negative coefficient for indigenous children according to language proficiency is significantly larger than that of indigenous mothers using the same criterion, suggests that only the most disadvantaged children will inherit the language and be classified as indigenous according to language proficiency.
Ethnic Classification in Southeastern Puerto Rico: In these models the probability that a child is classified as indigenous is assumed to be a linear function of the set of predictors.
Endogenous Race in Brazil: Also, individuals who have left their communities of origin may be precisely those with less attachment to their indigenous heritage, and who may therefore be stafenhagen likely to pass on their indigenous identification to their children.
Separate categories are distinguished for parents whose indigenous identification is unknown and for those who are not living in the household.
Muere Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo mexicano defensor de los derechos indígenas
The Transformation of White America. Finally, I assess the impact that the shift in indigenous identification with greater parental education has on estimates of ciestion educational disadvantage of indigenous children according to both classification systems. As Lutz notes, these findings are consistent with an assimilationist perspective according to which parents of higher socioeconomic status are more integrated into the dominant culture and are therefore less likely to transmit their language of origin to their children.
Sampling weights used in cyestion calculations. Indigenous Peoples stabenhagen the State in Latin America: Four population sizes are distinguished: Numerous studies have shown how racial and ethnic boundaries emerge, and are defended or transformed by social actors Horowitz ; Tilly ; Zolberg and Woon ; Brubaker ; Wimmer a.
Race and Class in Latin America. Any parent born in a different state is considered a migrant. Identities, Attitudes, and Politics in Brazil.
Yet ciestion do not know how the use of this new criterion affects the rate at which children will retain the indigenous classification of their parents, or estimates of the disadvantage faced by indigenous peoples.
As noted earlier, rodolffo children of mothers and fathers who speak an indigenous language are included in the sample used to test the models in each panel respectively. Nevertheless, in separate analyses not presented here but available in the online Appendix, the same models were tested for children 16 to 25 years of age, whose ethnic identity may be considered firmer than that of younger children.
Like other countries in Latin America, Mexico experienced a cycle of intense protest activity in which indigenous ethnicity became the main cleavage for mobilization for the first time in many decades Trejo; Yashar Morality and the Boundaries of Race, Stavenhagem and Immigration. Ethnic categorization in Indo-Latin American countries such as Mexico has been less studied using survey data. In contrast to Afro-Latin American countries such as Brazil, in Indo-Latin American countries, which include not only Mexico but most countries in Central America and the Stavnhagen region, the primary socially-recognized ethnic distinction between the indigenous and non-indigenous population is not based on phenotypical differences.
References Alba Richard D.
: Rodolfo Stavenhagen: Books, Biography, Blogs, Audiobooks, Kindle
Instead of simply asking whether enica household resident was indigenous, the census specifically asked whether the household member considered him or herself to be indigenous. This study examines ethnic boundary crossing and its impact on estimates of educational disparities in the specific context of Mexico, a country with the largest indigenous population in the Western hemisphere Layton and Patrinos The social boundary that separates the indigenous population from the rest of Mexican society is instead defined based on characteristics such as language use, cultural practices and a subjective sense of belonging.
This loss of indigenous classification based on language proficiency for children of more highly educated parents is consistent with findings from research on minority language use among second generation immigrant children in the U.
Siglo Veintiuno Editores; The World Bank; Moreover, because an indigenous identity creates an impediment to entry into the middle and upper classes Colby and van cusstion Berghe ; Pitt-Rivers ; Nutiniupwardly mobile individuals may have a particular desire for themselves and their children to be considered as non-indigenous, which would lead to a systematic shift away staevnhagen the indigenous category with greater parental socioeconomic status.
In particular, the conditional cash transfer program known as Oportunidadesby far the largest assistance program in Mexico, does not specifically use indigenous identification as a criterion for qualification SEDESOL n.
At a more practical level, language proficiency is also more likely to capture the most disadvantaged segment of the indigenous population, and could therefore be useful in targeting social programs.
With regards to the impact of community-level characteristics, the results of the models presented in Table 2 indicate that living in municipalities where a higher proportion of residents speak an indigenous language is associated with higher odds that a child will also be able to speak the language. Multiracial versus Collective Black Categories: Children of indigenous parents are much less likely to be classified as indigenous according to language proficiency, especially when their parents have higher levels of education.
Ethnic Identification and its Consequences for Measuring Inequality in Mexico
Finally, the results of the regression models in Table 5 suggest that the presence of indigenous schools in a rodolgo does not significantly improve the educational outcomes of children. Bulletin of Latin American Research.
Older parents who are probably influenced by older and more negative views about indigenous peoples in Mexico are significantly less likely to transmit their knowledge of an indigenous language to their children. One possible explanation for the greater retention of indigenous identification among children of more educated parents is that the multicultural discourse promoted by indigenous organizations and by the Mexican government in recent decades has resulted in less stigmatization and greater ethnic pride, cuesgion among the most educated segments of the indigenous population who are more exposed to the multicultural message.
Because I am interested in measuring the educational disadvantage of children categorized as indigenous compared to all others, the sample now includes all Mexican children in this age group regardless of their ethnic classification.
Gender norms may also affect which children learn the language of their parents or who carries on the traditions of their communities. Learn more about Amazon Prime.
Cambridge University Press; Only one child from each mother is chosen lq random. The Significance of Skin Color in Brazil.